REGULATIONS GOVERNING WINE
Regulation (EC) No 1898/2006 of the 14 December 2006 Commission, specifies detailed rules for implementing Regulation (EC) No 510/2006 referring to the protection of Geographical Indications and Denomination of Origin of agricultural products and foodstuffs.
Regulation (EC) 479/2008 DOUE L 148, 6.6.2008, p. 1), establishes organization of the wine market (CMO). In addition, it implements new regulations governing geographical names for wines, removing QWPSR (quality wines produced in specified regions), and incorporating the PDO (protected designation of origin) and PGI (protected geographical indication). From now on, it will be the Commission and not the Member Stateswho grant official recognition. It is also important to stress that the procedure for inclusion in the Community register is similar to the process for PDO / PGI of food products (Regulation (EC) 510/2006, DOUE L 93, 31.3.2006, p. 12), and therefore requires certain specifications.
This new regulation is based on strengthening the competitiveness of European wines, a better balance between supply and demand, the removal of intervention measures in the markets, increased use of budget allocations, a further simplification of regulations, the strengthening of the social fabric of rural areas and environmental protection.
Although this regulation is repealed by Regulation (EC) 491/2009 (DOUE L 154, 17/06/2009, p. 1), its contents remain in force, having been included in Regulation (EC) 1234/2007 (DOUE L 299 de 16/11/2007, p.1). This regulates the single CMO for the entire agricultural sector, which encompasses viticulture.
Currently, the traditional terms used to indicate that the product has been given a PDO or PGI are:
For PGI Wines:
Country Wines (Vinos de la Tierra)
For the PDO Wines:
Denomination of Origin (DO)
Qualified Denomination of Origin. (DOCa)
Quality Wine with a Geographical Indication. (Vino de Calidad)
Estate Wine (Vino de Pago)
Qualified Estate Wine (Vino de Pago Calificado)
Law 24/2003, of the 10th July, the Vineyard and Wine Act (BOE 11-07-2003) stipulates the definition of the traditional terms as follows:
Country Wines - CW (Vinos de la Tierra - VT)
These products come from certain areas of
Quality Wines with a Geographical Indication (Vinos de Calidad con Indicación Geográfica)
This is another category established for the first time in the Vineyard and Wine Act. It designates wines made
Denomination of Origin Wines - DO (Vinos de Denominación de Origen - DO)
Wines bearing the DO distinction are prestigious Spanish wines produced
Qualified Denomination of Origin Wines - QDO (Vinos de Denominación de Origen Calificada - DOCa)
This category is reserved for wine that has achieved high levels of quality
The requirements that must be fulfilled to attain this status include the following: Denomination of Origin (DO) status for at least the previous 10 years; all products must come to market bottled in wineries located in the region where they are produced or which follow a suitable quality control system imposed by their monitoring and regulating body.
Estate Wines (Vinos de Pago)
This is one of the innovations found in the Vineyard and Wine Act. It is the highest established category for a wine, and comprehends wines of recognized prestige made from grapes grown under climatic and soil conditions distinctive to a certain 'place' or 'rural site'. The production and marketing of these wines must comply with a comprehensive quality control system that must, as a minimum, fulfil the requirements applied to a Qualified Denomination of Origin. Further, these wines must be made and bottled in the winery of the specific vineyard or within the municipal area where that vineyard is located.
In cases where the entire vineyard is located within the boundaries of a Qualified Denomination of Origin, and is registered under that designation, it will be allowed to receive the name of “qualified vineyard,” and the wines produced there shall be labelled as 'qualified vineyard wines'.
Governing Bodies (Consejos Reguladores)
An updated map of Spanish Designations of origin (Appellations) is available in our Downloads section. The map includes 69 Protected Designations of Origin (PDO, Denominaciones de Origen Protegidas), 7 Qualified Estate Wines (Vinos de Calidad) and 14 Estate Wines (Vinos de Pago).
Also available in this section is the PGI Wines Map or Country Wines Map, detailing the 41 Spanish Protected Geographical Indications (Indicaciones Geográficas Protegidas) or Country Wines.
For further information, the reader can consult the Vineyard and
In addition, extensive information on
CLASSIFICATION OF WINES BY AGEING CHARACTERISTICS
Quality sparkling wines may use the “Premium” and “Reserva” indications; the “Gran Reserva” indication may be used by those sparkling wines that have been given the Cava designation and which have undergone ageing for at least 30 months from tirage to disgorging.
More information can be found on the wine ageing process in the section on Wine Making and Ageing.